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TRANSMISSION OF SARS-CoV-2 CAN BE CONTROLLED BY ADOPTING STANDARD SAFETY PROCEDURES AND USING PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE).

Marwa M. Elmaghrabi

Abstract


A pneumonia or respiratory illness of unknown source was detected in China during the late 2019,[2] that was identified afterward as a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genomic material called SARS-CoV-2. World Health Organization (WHO) declared that as nCoV- 19 or COVID-19. The person to person transmission of the virus is rapid by close contact and droplets produced when infected patients talk, sneeze or cough. The virus may also be transferred by touching the contaminated surfaces followed by contacting the nose, mouth or eyes. However, the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 was declared potential challenge by WHO on. The researchers also determined that virus can survive or stay alive on surfaces for three days. Whereas, the incubation time or time span between the exposure or getting SARS-CoV-2 and development of symptoms is about 14 days. Moreover, the nasopharyngeal sample is collected by the swab technique from the SARS-CoV-2 suspected patients, [10] that is then confirmed by running the specimen into the Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR) machine. [5] Additional, up till now no rational treatment is available for successful and complete treatment disease, and no vaccination is synthesized yet for the prevention of the COVID-19.


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